Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Commonly Confused Words

 "Yes, English can be weird. It can be understood through tough thorough thought, though."

adverse - opposing, harmful
averse - unwilling
anecdote - short, entertaining account of an occurrence
antidote - a remedy to counteract a poison or an unwanted condition
aggravate - annoy, irritate
exasperate - annoy greatly, irritate intensely
appraise - decide the value of
apprise - notify
assent - agree
ascent - go up, rise in space
bazaar - a market, street of shops and stalls
bizarre - strange, weird, grotesque
censor - (noun) an official with the authority to remove or prohibit material considered
              (verb) remove or prohibit material
censure - (noun) strong disapproval, public rebuke
                (verb) express strong disapproval
cite - to summon before a court of law, to quote, to refer to or to express approval of
sight - the ability to see
site - location
confidant - a trusted friend that you can confide in
confident - secure in who you are
complement - to make whole or complete
compliment - to express praise
conscious - aware of what is going on around you
                   in a normal waking state
conscience - knowledge or a sense of right and wrong
counsel - (noun) advice
counsel - (verb) to advise
council - group called together to accomplish a job
consul - a person appointed by the government to serve in a foreign country
credible - believable
creditable - deserving praise
defuse - remove the fuse from (a bomb, or a tense situation)
diffuse - cause to spread freely
desert (DESert) - dry region
desert (desERT) - leave or abandon
dessert - final course of a meal
discreet - separate and distinct
e.g. (exempli gratia - "for example") - used to introduce an example
i.e. (id est - "that is") - used to clarify or explain what precedes it
elude - avoid, escape by speed, cleverness, or trickery
allude - refer casually or indirectly
emigrate - leave a country or a region to settle elsewhere
immigrate - come into a country or region to settle there
eminent - prominent or distinguished
imminent - likely to occur soon
ensure - make sure or certain
insure - arrange for monetary payment in case of loss, accident, or death
assure - state with confidence; declare earnestly
epoch - period of time; date of an historical event
epic - noun or adjective referring to a style of poetry that celebrates the achievements of a hero
eulogy - an oration of praise for someone - usually after they have died
elegy - a poem expressing sorrow or lamentation - especially for someone who is dead
except - (verb) leave out
              (preposition) excluding
accept - receive
explicit - clearly stated; openly expressed
implicit - suggested although not openly expressed
faint - dizzy, weak or not bright
feint - false attack
famous - widely known
infamous - having a bad reputation
faze - disturb
phase - (verb) carry out in stages
             (noun) stage or aspect
formally - in a proper or dignified manner; according to strict rules
formerly - previously or in the past
hanged - people are hanged
hung - things are hung
illicit - unlawful or unauthorized; illegal (sometimes immoral is implied)
elicit - draw forth or evoke
illusion - mistaken idea; misleading appearance
allusion - indirect reference to something
incredible - unbelievable
incredulous - disbelieving (always applied to people)
morale - (noun) spirit or mental condition
moral - (adjective) good or virtuous
             (noun) lesson of conduct
nauseated - sick
nauseous - disgusting or sickening
peak - the highest or most important point or level
peek - to look or glance quickly
pique - to affect with sharp irritation and resentment; to excite (interest, curiosity, etc.)
persecute - attack or annoy someone constantly
prosecute - bring legal action against someone for unlawful behavior
precede - be, come, or go before in time, place, order, rank, or importance
proceed - advance or go on, especially after stopping
principal - head of a school
               - main or most important
principle - rule of conduct or fact or general truth
straight - (adj.) meaning "direct" or "not crooked or curved"
strait - (noun) meaning "channel connecting two large bodies of water. Used in its plural form, straits, it means "difficulty" or "distress"
stationary - fixed in a course, immovable, or unchanging in condition
stationery - materials for writing (letter paper, envelopes, etc.)
than - conjunction used in comparisons
then - adverb meaning "at that time" or "next"
vain - unsuccessful or conceited
        - "in vain" means "fruitless" or "fruitlessly"
vein - blood vessel that carries blood from your extremities to your heart

I'm an English major and an editing minor. So I really love language.
I love it when something reveals to me that not only do I like words, but I am also pretty good at using them correctly.
Like today. We took our Commonly Confused words test and if we missed two or less, we got extra credit. I only missed one. Booyah!

I am surviving this week. Barely.
Tomorrow is the real test.

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